Results 1 to 11 of 11
  1. #1
    Join Date
    Feb 2012
    Location
    Tamworth, NSW
    Posts
    44

    Default Dust extraction advice - wood and metal

    Hey there everyone, I am hoping some of the experienced guys here may lend me some advice on the best way to go on setting up a suitable dust extraction system. I have read many of the posts including stickies on this site and really appreciate the amount of expertise and willingness to share.

    my workspace is basically the corner of a larger shed. Itís a ranbuild typical shed, 11m x 9m 3m to the eves. It is our car storage as well as a small tractor, garden equipment etc. So I have an area about 3.5 x 4m that I use as my workshop. It is not enclosed within the shed, just bound by bench and machinery. My most common activity is knife making so grinding on a belt grinder blade steel but also handle materials such as wood, micarta and G10. I do also have a bandsaw and wood lathe that I would like to use a lot more but donít currently since it creates so much dust covering everything in the shed.

    Where we live is acreage and noise generally no issue. Venting dust directly outside also would not be an issue. I am currently thinking of setting up something like a DC3 or DC7 with pvc ducting to each machine. Under the grinder a bucket type trap with water in it so inlet straight under grinder into bucket and air pulled out from side of bucket to the motor just like a cyclone I guess to limit chance of fire ( I also grind titanium). I would then outlet from the motor directly outside with no dust collection or put motor with dust collection bag outside.

    Could I, instead of having water trap below belt grinder go straight to a normal cyclone which could be used for other lines to bandsaw and lathe (blast gates used to allocate air to each machine when in use) which would collect much of the dust and then just vent finer dust directly outside? H&F also sell a metal/wood extractor DCM-200 but I feel this would be pretty messy for fine dust from bandsaw and lathe? Any one have one of these and can offer advice on how well it works?

    thanks and please ask questions if it helps to assist advice.
    Ian

  2. # ADS
    Google Adsense Advertisement
    Join Date
    Always
    Location
    Advertising world
    Posts
    Many





     
  3. #2
    Join Date
    Feb 2012
    Location
    Tamworth, NSW
    Posts
    44

    Default

    I’ve been reading and learning lots. The plan is to mount dc outside although this will have to wait for a few months. Initially the DC will be in the workshop and will be used by belt grinder and disc grinder for wood, metal and some composite materials. Bandsaw and lathe will wait for outside mounting.

    I’m looking at a budget of $1000 for the DC delivered to country NSW so really it is likely an $800 budget. I want to get best bang for buck and not feel I need to upgrade again in a years time. I also don’t want to spend valuable and rare shed time modifying DCs more than I have to. This has meant looking for units with main inlet as minimum 150mm, impeller size greater than 300mm and 3hp if possible. This search narrows the field pretty substantially. So far only three I have found meet these criteria of specs and one of those on cost. From their website at least woodfast’s DC5000 has a 200mm inlet, 330mm impeller and 3hp for price of $820. So far it is looking like best deal if these specs are what I should be looking at. Of course it often is never quite that simple and dust collection is one of those things that there is a lot to consider......

    My search continues.

  4. #3
    Join Date
    Dec 2013
    Location
    San Antonio, Texas, USA
    Posts
    2,840

    Default

    You need to check with BobL.
    Innovations are those useful things that, by dint of chance, manage to survive the stupidity and destructive tendencies inherent in human nature.

  5. #4
    Join Date
    Feb 2012
    Location
    Tamworth, NSW
    Posts
    44

    Default

    Quote Originally Posted by rob streeper View Post
    You need to check with BobL.
    Thank you Rob - yep BobL given me some advice and I he read many of his posts on the forum which has been invaluable.

    Another question - how do 200mm flex versus 150m DMV pipe compare in term of ar flow?

  6. #5
    Join Date
    Feb 2006
    Location
    Perth
    Posts
    22,280

    Default

    Quote Originally Posted by Danger Mouse View Post
    how do 200mm flex versus 150m DMV pipe compare in term of ar flow?
    At the same impeller pressure a 200mm diameter smooth plastic pipe will theoretically move about 2x more than a 150mm pipe.

    The effect of flex can be anywhere from about a 5 to a 25% reduction in flow depending on the actual material stiffness, depth of corrugations and curves etc of the flex.
    In general the overall effect for short straightish runs of flex is that 200 mm will move more air than 150mm smooth pipe

    However - this also depends whether the impeller itself can move that air much air to begin with.
    This is why it is pointless putting a 200 mm pipe on a 2HP DC3 as even though it has the static pressure it does not have the swept volume to move the nominal 1250FPM it should be able to move in a 6" pipe.
    An extreme example is a shop vac which even though it has 3x the pressure, because the impellers are so small they simply cannot move enough air to be used on larger sized ducting.

    So if the impeller is already close to or maxed out in terms of flow, using bigger pipe will just move the same amount of air more slowly, and then in long flat sections of ducting run the risk of the sawdust falling out of suspension, and if the ducting is flex, it can be difficult or impossible to lift out of the corrugations.

    In theory a 6" duct can carry 1250 CFM at nominal DC impeller pressures. This translates to an average air speed of about 6000 FPM in the duct. This is nicely above the nominal 4000 FPM required to keep sawdust in suspension. If the impeller is maxed out so the same 1250 CFM is moved through an 8" pipe, the linear air speed is now 3600 FPM.

    In practice it's a more complicated than this. For a start the term "average air speed" inside a duct is somewhat meaningless because the air speed near the wall of the duct is always much lower than 4000 FPM while in the middle of the duct the speeds will be much higher. The flow is also almost always turbulent so the resulting swirling flow is usually able to scavenge any sawdust that falls out of suspension. Results are unpredictable In practice I've found airflows with so called average speeds as low as 3000 FPM able to keep 6" and 4" ducting clear in some situations but not others, especially when a long runs of straight flat ducting was involved.

    One situation where sawdust fall out is less of an issue is if ducting or flex is used in a vertical orientation. Where flex is involved small amounts of sawdust may settle in corrugations but eventually it falls out of the corrugations and is dragged into the air stream. Of course if the air speed is very slow it may not be able to clear the bigger chips and they will just stay suspended in the air flow and build up in the air stream until they are either so concentrated they will choke the flow, or you turn off the DC and then the sawdust falls to the bottom of the duct and chokes the duct.

  7. #6
    Join Date
    Jul 2005
    Location
    Oberon, NSW
    Age
    58
    Posts
    12,581

    Default

    I'll address the elephant in the room; tell me to pull my head in if ya must, but as these threads are read by people of varying degrees of education, well... I just wanna state the following for the record...


    I'd be concerned about using the same DC for both metal AND woodwork unless I had some very secure spark prevention in place... and even then I'd still have some concerns.

    As BobL mentions, wood particles have a habit of settling in the bottom of the runs and that's not a good combo when mixed with hot metal filings.

    Personally I'd also want to have two separate cyclone collector bins, one each for metal and for wood, even when venting the finer particulates directly outdoors. This not only makes for better fire hazard control but usually simplifies the disposal of the contents.

    IMO you'd be better off with two separate dedicated systems rather than try to run one which can handle both materials safely.


    (FWIW, I've seen a few fires in either ducts or bins now, fortunately they were caught in time before things became expensive. Can't count on luck, though... )
    I may be weird, but I'm saving up to become eccentric.

    - Andy Mc (AKA "Ghost who posts." )

  8. #7
    Join Date
    Feb 2006
    Location
    Perth
    Posts
    22,280

    Default

    Quote Originally Posted by Skew ChiDAMN!! View Post
    I'll address the elephant in the room; tell me to pull my head in if ya must, but as these threads are read by people of varying degrees of education, well... I just wanna state the following for the record...


    I'd be concerned about using the same DC for both metal AND woodwork unless I had some very secure spark prevention in place... and even then I'd still have some concerns.
    An understandable concern.
    I have experience with both wood and metal dust and posted my setup for metal dust collection in the metal workers forum.
    All that is needed is a dedicated non-flammable chip catcher that will prevent hot metal lumps from entering the Ducting of the wood dust system.
    I have been in external communication with the OP about this and reckon we have it under control.

  9. #8
    Join Date
    Feb 2012
    Location
    Tamworth, NSW
    Posts
    44

    Default

    Yep very good points raised and valid concerns. I will have a system in place that I feel prevents any hot material getting caught up in the long pipe run and dc unit. As I get this setup I will post up a WIP but as with most things it will be slow.

    BobL has been in touch with me for which I am very grateful and has given excellent advice as he so often does on this forum.

    So so far I am leaning heavily towards the wood fast dc5000 unit which is 3hp with 13 inch impeller and 200mm inlet. I’m just waiting for the guys that sell it to get back to me (bit slow but at least they are staying in touch). The inlet will be throttled to 150mm and dc mounted outside the shed. 150mm pvc supply line and then get as close to each machine with 150mm as possible. I have grabbed a drum (on it’s way) for use as a separator for the metal grinder and am working on some 150mm Flexi. I am yet to work out how I am going to approach a bell mouth hood - ideally I’d buy one if I could but looks like I may have to have a crack at making one.

  10. #9
    Join Date
    Feb 2012
    Location
    Tamworth, NSW
    Posts
    44

    Default

    Ok so I have bitten the bullet after a long time contemplating. I bought a wood fast DC5000 which turned up this week. First impressions are that it is BIG!

    I have not done much yet, started to put it together (awkward on my own as its big and heavy) and have assembled the pieces for the first version of my setup which will be my belt grinder. Whilst apart, I took a pic of the fan in this sucker for anyone who may want to see as there doesnít seem to be many photos of these around that I have seen.

    Fan is 330mm diameter



    Looks like it has been balanced



    Inlet is 200mm so I have a reducer to 150mm



    I picked up a 150mm conduit fitting which is very heavy duty so weíll see how it handles metal grinding dust. You can just see 150mm flex pipe but likely this will be directly attached to 150mm pvc pipe into the collection bin.



    Another view



    And this is the drum that will be under the grinder. I will cut holes to bring in hot metal to here and the an outlet back to the DC. There will be a smaller plastic bucket inside under the inlet filled with water so any hot material will go there. On the outlet side will be 150mm flex back to the DC.




    Sent from my iPad using Tapatalk

  11. #10
    Join Date
    Feb 2012
    Location
    Tamworth, NSW
    Posts
    44

    Default

    I should also add here that whilst I have been talking about metal dust my biggest issue really are other materials I grind -G10, micarta and wood. The metal isnít too bad and if I am not satisfied that I am completely eliminating any chance of metal accumulation in the DC I will only turn it on on when grinding the particularly dusty materials. Next step will be to take it outside and set piping to add in my wood lathe and bandsaw.


    Sent from my iPad using Tapatalk

  12. #11
    Join Date
    Feb 2006
    Location
    Perth
    Posts
    22,280

    Default

    Quote Originally Posted by Danger Mouse View Post
    I should also add here that whilst I have been talking about metal dust my biggest issue really are other materials I grind -G10, micarta and wood. The metal isn’t too bad and if I am not satisfied that I am completely eliminating any chance of metal accumulation in the DC I will only turn it on on when grinding the particularly dusty materials. Next step will be to take it outside and set piping to add in my wood lathe and bandsaw.


    Sent from my iPad using Tapatalk
    You won't eliminate it completely - there will always be a very small amount of very fine metal dust coming through - even f you were to use HEPA filters some would still get through..

Similar Threads

  1. advice on dust extraction system, layouts etc.
    By breakerboy2000 in forum DUST EXTRACTION
    Replies: 5
    Last Post: 30th Dec 2013, 07:23 PM
  2. Metal dust extraction for linisher
    By jack620 in forum METALWORK FORUM
    Replies: 17
    Last Post: 27th May 2013, 10:06 AM
  3. New dust extraction set up: Advice needed
    By skippy in forum DUST EXTRACTION
    Replies: 16
    Last Post: 21st Aug 2009, 04:36 PM
  4. Dust extraction advice
    By sneem26 in forum DUST EXTRACTION
    Replies: 4
    Last Post: 27th Mar 2008, 03:39 PM
  5. Dust extraction advice wanted
    By GeoffS in forum DUST EXTRACTION
    Replies: 35
    Last Post: 12th May 2003, 10:33 AM

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •